As one considers interoperability for sustainable health and social care systems deployment in Ireland, we present the practice-focused activity resources from two distinct domains.
● Practice from Health and Social Care Domain
● Practice from Computer Science Domain
Practice Domain Health and Social Care Building a Use Case
In the practice homepage, we include examples of how health care professionals can define key requirements for a Use Case. In the example, we provide a completed Use Case Template and Scenario Template based on the Antilope Report revised in 2015 by Vincent van Pelt, and Michiel Sprenger, from the Nictiz Organisation in the Netherlands detailing process steps on development of a Use Case Report. The cited Antilope report provides a number of “tools” that can be used in solving interoperability challenges.
Additional Recommended Reading on Use Cases for integrated care for example a patient summary, referral or telemonitoring are also available to view from the Use Case Repository from EU Net.
For additional information on IHE and development of a Use Case, see Chapter 5 Health Information Exchange: The Overarching Role of Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE) by Karima Bourquard and Alexander Berler in An Introduction to Nursing Informatics 5th Edition 2021.
The Antilope Report provides two templates ;
1. High Level Use Case Template and
2. Accompanying Realisation Scenarios
Practice - Domain Health and Social Care Learning Activity
Review the Antilope Report and select a case study scenario as described in the Citizen Page.
Break into small groups and create a Use Case and Scenario Template for patient summary referral or tele monitoring transaction.
Some key points highlighted in the Antilope Report cited here to note include:
“There is no standard way to write the content of a use case, and different formats work well in different cases” Use cases appear in the UML in the form of use case diagrams, but these diagrams are of little value - the key value of use cases lies in the text which is not standardized in UML. So when you do use cases, put your energy into the text.“ Comment from Martin Fowler
I have personally encountered over 18 different definitions of use case, given by different, experts, teachers and consultants. They differed along 4 dimensions: purpose, contents, plurality, and structure.” Comment from Alistair Cockburn
Page 8 Cited from Antilope Report D1.1: Refinement Definition document Revision: 1.2 17.4.2015
Practice from a Computer Science Domain
In the practice domain for computer science we provide the demonstrator to illustrate how we can input data and showcase information through a series of interfaces .
A link to the computer science domain CSDM demonstrator is available.
What does the resource describe?
The CSDM Resource provides a set of slides illustrating a sequence of related processes that need to be completed to structure data for interoperability. To achieve interoperability between any system and to effectively deliver machine to machine communication, information needs to be translated into data and therefore structured in a very specific way. This involves using specific online tools which map, align, and identify relationships and conformance rules between information ( concepts, attributes and values).
Detailing each step of the process the CSDM resource provides examples in the form demonstrator with links to a url and a QR code for scanning which is detailed through a series of screen images. The key purpose of the resource is to showcase the associated detail of the process steps involved from development of a use case to creating a Model of Meaning.
Practice - Computer Science Learning Activity
Once you have completed a Use Case and Scenario Template consider engaging with the CSDM demonstrator through the CSDM Demonstrator link above or the QR code found on the demonstrator site by scanning the code with your phone.
Enter detail on the form based on one of the citizen scenarios selected.
We will demonstrate in class the material on the CSDM platform.